Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments
L. Pua,b, L.Z. Niana,b, D.R. Zhanga
aXi’an Jiaotong University, Institute of Refrigeration and Cryogenic Engineering, Xi’an, 710049, China
bKey Laboratory for Thermal Science and Power Engineering of Ministry of Education, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
The distribution of two-phase refrigerant has a crucial influence on the efficiency of heat exchanger. Only when the two-phase refrigerant is evenly distributed to each path can the heat exchanger be utilized efficiently. The study aims at exploring the causes of the mal-distribution of refrigerant and designing an optimized structure to mitigate the phase separation and improve the refrigerant distribution. Moreover, the rules of each factor on the distribution are studied. In this paper, Taguchi method is proposed to obtain the importance of each factor on the distribution. The results show that the distance between the elbow and entrance of the distributor, the turning angle and turning radius of the elbow have significant effects on distribution. Finally, the optimized structure of the inlet pipes is proposed. Compared with the traditional structure, the optimized structure has a significant effect on improving the phase separation and the pressure drop is relatively stable. Besides, the optimized structure has low cost and simple production and processing, which provides a new idea for improving refrigerant distribution.